2,000-Year-Old Mummies with Gold Tongues Unearthed

Ongoing archaeology efforts throughout Egypt often come up with some intriguing finds each year. One of the most exciting things from 2021 is some 2,000-year-old mummies with golden tongues placed within their mouths.

A team working at the Taposiris Magna temple in Alexandria has discovered 16 burials in local rock-cut tombs that feature unique rituals not often seen in other dig sites.

Although the preservation techniques are inadequate, based on previously discovered standards, the gold foil amulets they were given make them intriguing. It is believed that this effort was given so that the individuals could speak with Osiris in the afterlife.

Osiris Was Considered to Be the Judge of the Dead

When archaeologists uncovered the mummies, they also discovered gilded decorations of Osiris in the complex. The materials were cartonnage, which is essentially glue, linen, and plaster.

There’s a crown with horns and a cobra on one of the figures, while decorations on the chest appear to be a falcon. If accurate, that would make it similar to the symbol of the god Horus.

Several additional treasures were found in the area, including a funeral mask, eight flakes of a golden wreath, and eight marble masks that were either Roman or Greek.

Coins that bear the name of Queen Cleopatra VII were also found in the temple complex. She was the last ruler of the Ptolemaic dynasty, which ruled from 51-30 BC. After her death, the area became part of the Roman Empire.

Two of the mummies were found to have scrolls buried with them. Scholars are currently analyzing the remaining fragments to decipher what they might say. Statues of the people who were buried there are also part of the find.

Archaeologists announced that they could still make out details from the well-preserved statues, including headdresses, hairstyles, and facial expressions.

It is amazing what can be learned in discovering the remains of the deceased.